Contribute/Indigenous

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Canadian Aboriginal Languages projects

Contribute about Indigenous Peoples in Canada
Edit, improve and create content on Wikimedia projects about First Nations, Métis and Inuits in Canada.
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Map of the Native language families and isolates in North America

Wikipedia[edit]

Wikipedia articles to create or improve[edit]

Peoples, nations and languages[edit]

Picture Name Description To do on English Wikipedia To do on French Wikipedia References Remarks
The village of Pomeioc, North Carolina, 1885, color - NARA - 535753.jpg Algonquian peoples Large First Nations group of the same linguistic family Stub to improve Add references
A Métis man and his two wives, circa 1825-1826.jpg Métis Indigenous peoples in Canada descendants of both Europeans and First Nations Add references Add references
Slavey girls Mackenzie River Northwest Territories - NA-1463-23.jpg Slavey Dene First Nations in Nortwest Territories, British Columbia and Alaska Add references Add references
Charlie Skookum.jpg Tagish Athabaskan First Nation in Yukon Stub to improve, and add references Stub to improve
Xeni Gwet'in First Nations in British Columbia Stub to improve Article to be created
Piikani Nation First Nation in Alberta Article to be created
Qalipu First Nation First Nation in Newfoundland and Labrador Article to be created
Gitga'ata people One of the 14 tribes of the Tsimshian nation in British Columbia Stub to improve Article to be created
Gispwudwada Language of the Tsimshian First Nation in British Columbia and Alaska Article to be created

History[edit]

Picture Name Description To do on English Wikipedia To do on French Wikipedia References Remarks
Chilcotin War Confontration in 1864 between members of the Tsilhqotʼin (Chilcotin) Peoples in British Columbia and white road construction workers Article to be created
Battle of Long Sault Battle during the Beaver Wars in early May 1660 between the French colonial militia with their Huron and Algonquin allies against the Iroquois Confederacy Add references
Treaty 11 Last of the Numbered Treaties signed between various First Nations and the monarch of Canada Stub to improve Article to be created
Hawthorn-Tremblay Commission Commission that studied the conditions of the Indigenous in Canada from 1964 to 1970 Article to be created Needs improvement, add references, and the article is an orphan
Battle of the Belly River Last major conflict between the Cree and the Blackfoot, and the last major battle between First Nations on Canadian soil Stub to improve Article to be created
Treaty 8 Treaty signed in 1899 between the Crown and various First Nations of the Lesser Slave Lake area Stub to improve
Crise d'Oka - SQ et forces canadiennes.jpg Oka Crisis Political event about a land dispute between the Mohawks and the Governement of Quebec in 1990 Needs improvement
Nanfan Treaty Treaty signed in 1701 between representatives of the Iroquois Confederacy and John Nanfan, the acing colonial governor of New York, on behalf of the Crown Stub to improve Article to be created

Laws[edit]

Picture Name Description To do on English Wikipedia To do on French Wikipedia References Remarks
Indigenous self-government in Canada Proposals to give governments representing Indigenous peoples in Canada greater power of government Add references
Band government (or Indian band) Basic unit of government for First Nations subject to the Indian Act Stub to improve
Cree-Naskapi (of Quebec) Act Act of the Parliament of Canada relating principally to Cree and Naskapi local government in Quebec Article to be created Article to be created Justice Laws Website

Organizations[edit]

Picture Name Description To do on English Wikipedia To do on French Wikipedia References Remarks
Assembly of First Nations Quebec-Labrador (AFNQL) Assembly of the Chiefs of 43 communities of the First Nations of Quebec and Labrador Article to be created Stub to improve Official website
Eeyou Istchee Baie-James (regional government) The only regional government in Quebec Article to be created Add references
Fédération des coopératives du Nouveau-Québec (FCNQ) Association of 14 cooperatives members of Inuit communities in Nunavik Article to be created Needs improvement, and article is an orphan
Daniel Weetaluktuk Museum Museum located in Inukjuak, Nunavik Article to be created Add references
Congress of Aboriginal Peoples National Indigenous organization representing Indigenous Peoples who live off reserves across Canada Article to be created
Maskwacis Cree Tribal Council Tribal council Stub to improve Article to be created

Notable figures[edit]

Picture Name Description To do on English Wikipedia To do on French Wikipedia References Remarks
Pontiac-chief-artist-impression-414px.jpg Pontiac (Ottawa leader) (or Obwandiyag) Odawa war chief known for his role in the Pontiac's War (named after him) from 1763 to 1766 leading First Nations in a struggle against British military occupation of the Great Lakes region Add references
Charles Henry Byce The most decorated Indigenous soldier in Canada during World War II Article to be created The Canadian Encyclopedia
Thelma Chalifoux The first Indigenous woman and first Métis person to be appointed to the Senate of Canada Stub to improve The Canadian Encyclopedia
Eenoolooapik Inuk guide Stub to improve Article to be created The Canadian Encyclopedia
John Shiwak An Inuk from Labardor who died in combat during the First World War Stub to improve Article to be created
Poundmaker.png Pîhtokahanapiwiyin (or Poundmaker) Plains Cree chief, person of national historical significance Stub to improve Dictionary of Canadian Biography
Peguis Saulteaux chief Stub to improve Article to be created
James Gladstone - combine.jpg James Gladstone The first status Indian to be appointed to the Senate of Canada Article to be created
Andrew Delisle Sr. Chief of Kahnawake in Quebec and first Indigenous to receive the Order of Canada in 1969 Article to be created
Nicolas Vincent Tsawenhohi.JPG Nicolas Vincent (or Tsaouenhohoui) Grand Chief of the Hurons of Lorette from 1811 to 1844 Stub to improve Add references
Jacob Berens (or Nah-wee-kee-sick-quah-yash or Naawigiizhigweyaash) Ojibwa chief Stub to improve Article to be created Dictionary of Canadian Biography
Oronhyatekha (or Peter Martin) Mohawk physicien, scholar and businessman Article to be created
Francis Pegahmagabow in Uniform.jpg Francis Pegahmagabow Canadian First Nations soldier, one of the most highly decorated Indigenous soldiers in Canada Stub to improve
Tookoolito Nourse (profile).jpg Taqulittuq (or Tookoolito) Inuk interpreter and guide Article to be created
Ludovic Boney Sculptor from Wendake, Quebec Article to be created Needs improvement
Frank Polson Algonquin artist Article to be created Needs improvement
Sylvie Bernard First Nation artist from Quebec Article to be created Add references
Louis-Karl Picard-Sioui Artist from Wendake, Quebec Article to be created
Georges E. Sioui Indigenous historian Article to be created Stub to improve
An Antane-Kapesh Innu writer Add references Add references
Monique Sioui Indigenous activist Stub to improve Add references
Leanne Betasamosake Simpson Indigenous writer, musician and academic Needs improvement Needs improvement
Christine Sioui-Wawanoloath First Nation writer and artist living in Quebec Stub to improve Stub to improve
Vern Harper Cree elder and Indigenous rights activist Article to be created
196 15 les Peaux rouge (montagne magnifique).jpg Fred Loft Mohawk activist who founded the League of Indians of Canada and veteran of World War I Article to be created
Levi Oakes Mohawk code talker Stub to improve Article to be created
Edwin Victor Cook ‘Namgis soldier who served during World War I Article to be created Article to be created The Canadian Encyclopedia
David Greyeyes-Steele Cree war hero who served during World War II Article to be created Article to be created The Canadian Encyclopedia
Angela Sidney Tagish storyteller Article to be created
Mikak and Tukauk.jpg Mikak Inuk women Article to be created
Nora Bernard Mi'kmaq activist Article to be created
Jean Cuthand Goodwill Cree nurse, the first Indigenous woman to finish a nursing program in Saskatchewan Article to be created
Charles Nolin Métis farmer and political figure Stub to improve Dictionary of Canadian Biography
Jean-Baptiste Canadien (known as Big John Canadien and Raientonni) Mohawk raftsman, pilot, voyageur, and lacrosse player Article to be created Article to be created Dictionary of Canadian Biography
Charlotte Edith Anderson Monture First Indigenous woman to become a registered nurse in Canada and to gain the right to vote in a Canadian federal election, also the first Indigenous woman from Canada to serve in the United States military Stub to improve Article to be created The Canadian Encyclopedia
Gabriel Acquin.jpg Gabriel Acquin Maliseet hunter, guide, interpreter and showman, founder of the St. Mary's First Nation reserve, person of national historic significance Article to be created
William Beynon, 1915.jpg William Beynon Hereditary chief of the Tsimshian Nation and oral historian, person of national historic significance Article to be created
Jim Boss.jpg Jim Boss Entrepreneur and the chief of the Southern Tutchone Ta'an Kwäch'än for over 40 years, person of national historic significance Article to be created
Lydia Campbell Born to an Inuit mother and an English father, one of Labrador's best known historical figures and writers, person of national historic significance Stub to improve Article to be created
Lucille Clifton ('Wii Nii Puun) Leader of the Gitga'ata people, person of national historic significance Stub to improve Article to be created
Kah-ge-ga-gah-bowh - G. Copway.jpg George Copway (or Kah-Ge-Ga-Gah-Bowh) Ojibwe writer, ethnographer, Methodist missionary, lecturer, and advocate of Indigenous peoples, one of the first Canadian literary celebrities in the United States, person of national historic significance Article to be created
Charles Edenshaw.jpg Charles Edenshaw Haida artist, person of national historic significance Article to be created
Josephine Mandamin (or Biidaasige-ba) Anishinaabe elder, founding member of the water protectors movement Article to be created
Catherine Beaulieu Bouvier Lamoureux Métis women living in the Northwest Territories, founder and leader of a local Métis community, defender of the Métis culture, person of national historic significance Stub to improve Article to be created
Marguerite Vincent Lawinonkié.jpg Marguerite Vincent Lawinonkié Huron-Wendat craftswoman who helped save the Huron-Wendat community, person of national historic significance Article to be created
MattieMitchell.jpg Mattie Mitchell Mi'kmaw guide, prospector, explorer and hunter in Newfoundland, person of national historic significance Article to be created
Nahnebahwequa (or Catherine Bunch) Ojibwa spokeswoman and Christian missionary, person of national historic significance Needs improvement
Neekaneet (or Foremost Man) Plains Cree chief, leader of the Nekaneet Cree Nation, person of national historic significance Stub to improve Article to be created
Nescambious (or Assacumbuit) Malecite and Abenaki leader, person of national historic significance Stub to improve Stub to improve
JohnNorquay.jpg John Norquay Metis politician, premier of Manitoba from 1878 to 1887, the first premier of Manitoba to have been born in the region, person of national historic significance Add references Stub to improve
Dr. Oronhyatekha.jpg Oronhyatekha (or Peter Martin) Mohawk physician, one of the first Indigenous physicians in Canada, person of national historic significance Article to be created
Théophile Panadis Defender of Abenaki traditions, person of national historical significance Article to be created Article to be created Parks Canada
Andy Paull (or Xwupúkinem) Squamish leader, activist, coach and lawyer, person of national historic significance Article to be created
Peter Pitseolak.jpg Peter Pitseolak Inuk photographer, artist and historian, person of national historic significance Article to be created
Red Crow (or Mi’kasto) Kainai leader, signatory of Treaty 7, person of national historical significance Stub to improve Article to be created
Charlotte Small Métis woman who notably joined her David Thompson on his expeditions Article to be created
François-Xavier Picard Tahourenché.jpg François-Xavier Picard Tahourenché Great Chief od the Lorette Hurons from 1870 to 1883, archivist, person of national historic significance Stub to improve Article to be created
Codex canadensis, p. 14.jpg Tessouat Algonquin chief, person of nationa historic significance Stub to improve Stub to improve
Thanadelthur Woman of the Chipewyan Dënesųłı̨ne nation who served as a guide and interpreter for the Hudson's Bay Company, person of national historic significance Article to be created
Louis Thomas Maliseet chief, person of national historic significance Stub to improve Article to be created
Zacharie Vincent, vers 1875.jpg Zacharie Vincent (or Telari-o-lin) Huron-Wendat artist Article to be created
Kamīyistowesit (or Beardy) Chief of the Willow Band of the Plains Cree Article to be created Article to be created Dictionary of Canadian Biography
JerryLonecloudNovaScotiaMuseum.jpg Jerry Lonecloud (or Germain Bartlett Alexis, or Slme’n Laksi) (ou ermain Bartlett Alexis, ou Slme’n Laksi) Mi'kmaw guide, lumberer, showman, herbalist and folklorist Stub to improve Article to be created Dictionary of Canadian Biography
Jeremy-Dutcher-TheGreatHall.jpg Jeremy Dutcher Maliseet tenor, composer, musicologist, performer and activist Stub to improve Article to be created Presentation by Cown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada
Carolyn Darbyshire.jpg Carolyn McRorie Métis curler Stub to improve Stub to improve Presentation by Cown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada
Thelma Chalifoux Métis teacher and senator Stub to improve Presentation by Cown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada
Dr. Nadine Caron 2015.jpg Nadine Caron The first Canadian female general surgeon of First Nations descent (Ojibwa) Article to be created Presentation by Cown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada
Louie Kamookak Inuit elder, educator and historian, member of the Order of Canada and the Order of Nunavut Article to be created Article to be created Presentation by Cown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada
Bande dessinnée.JPG Stanley Vollant The first Innu surgeon Add references Needs improvement Presentation by Cown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada
Kondiaronk Huron chief Needs improvement Stub to improve
Frances Nickawa (baptized Fanny Beardy) Cree performer and recitalist Article to be created Article to be created Dictionary of Canadian Biography
Natawista Iksina.jpg Natawista Iksina Kainah interpreter and diplomat Stub to improve Article to be created Dictionary of Canadian Biography
Joe Capilano.jpg Joe Capilano (or Sa7plek) Leader of the Squamish from 1895 to 1910 Article to be created Dictionary of Canadian Biography
Henry Bird Steinhauer Ojibwa Methodist clergyman Stub to improve Article to be created Dictionary of Canadian Biography
Marion Buller First First Nations woman to be appointed to the Provincial Court of British Columbia Article to be created
Elsie Knott First woman to be elected chief of a First Nation Article to be created
Edith Florence Rogers (Manitoba politician).png Edith Rogers Métis politician from Manitoba, first woman elected to the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba Stub to improve Article to be created
Mary Jane McCallum First Indigenous woman to become a dentist Article to be created
Marlene Poitras First woman to be elected Alberta regional chief for the Assembly of First Nations Article to be created Article to be created
Frank Calder Hereditary chief of the House of Wisinxbiltkw from the Killerwhale Tribe of the Nisga'a, first Native person to be elected to a legislature in Canada Add references Stub to improve
Leonard Marchand First Native person to be elected to the House of Commons and first Native person to serve in the federal cabinet Article to be created
Melanie Mark.jpg Melanie Mark (or Hli Haykwhl Ẃii Xsgaak) Nisga'a politician woman, first First Nations woman elected to the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia and first First Nations woman to serve in the Cabinet of British Columbia Article to be created
Mike Cardinal First Indigenous person elected to the Legislative Assembly of Alberta Article to be created
Lawrence Riel Yew First Indigenous person elected to the Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan Stub to improve
Peter North First Indigenous person elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario Article to be created
Ludger Bastien First Indigenous person elected to the National Assembly of Quebec Stub to improve
Kevin-aylward-1329-cropped-color-adj.jpg Kevin Aylward First Indigenous person elected to the Legislative Assembly of Newfoundland and Labrador Article to be created
Richard Nerysoo First Indigenous person to be a premier in Canada and first Indigenous person to be a speaer of a legislature Add references Article to be created
Pierre Delorme.jpg Pierre Delorme First Métis person to be elected to the House of Commons Article to be created
Nancy Karetak-Lindell First Inuk woman elected to the House of Commons Stub to improve
Michael S. Martin First Métis elected to the Legislative Assembly of Newfoundland and Labrador Stub to improve Article to be created
Yvonne Jones.jpg Yvonne Jones First Métis leader of an official political party in the Legislative Assembly of Newfoundland and Labrador Stub to improve
George Hickes First Inuk elected to the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba Article to be created
William Andersen III First Inuk elected to the Legislative Assembly of Newfoundland and Labrador Stub to improve Article to be created
Nellie Cournoyea.jpg Nellie Cournoyea First female premier of a Canadian territory, second female premier in Canada, and first Inuk premier Stub to improve Stub to improve
Levi Barnabas First Inuk to be speaker of a legislative assembly in Canada Article to be created
Minister Leona Aglukkaq.jpg Leona Aglukkaq First Inuk to be a federal minister in Canada Stub to improve
Gilbert Favel (or Gilbert Pelletier) Métis trader and acused prisoner Article to be created Article to be created Dictionary of Canadian Biography
Jocelyne Gros-Louis First woman to be the Great Chief of the Hurons-Wendat of Wendake Article to be created Stub to improve
Eva Ottawa.jpg Eva Ottawa First woman to be Grand Chief of the Conseil de la Nation Atikamekw, first Indigenous woman to lead the Conseil du statut de la femme du Québec Stub to improve
Taotha Stoney hunter and chief Article to be created Article to be created Dictionary of Canadian Biography
JerryPotts.jpg Jerry Potts (or Ky-yo-kosi) Hunter, interpreter and scout of Kaina and Scots heritage Add references Article to be created Dictionary of Canadian Biography
Madeline Ivalu Inuk filmmaker and actress, cofounder of Arnait Video Productions, a women's video and filmmaking collective in Nunavut Stub to improve Article to be created
Kawennahere Devery Jacobs - 2017 CFC Annual BBQ Fundraiser (36996750422) (cropped).jpg Devery Jacobs Mohawk queer actress Stub to improve
Annick Obonsawin Abenaki actress Add references Article to be created
Elle-Máijá Tailfeathers Filmmaker, actress and producer from the Kainai First Nation Article to be created

Indian reserves[edit]

Picture Name Description To do on English Wikipedia To do on French Wikipedia References Remarks
Assineau River 150F Indian reserve in Alberta Stub to improve Article to be created
Big Horn 144A Indian reserve in Alberta Stub to improve Article to be created
Eden Valley 216 Indian reserve in Alberta Stub to improve Article to be created
Stoney 142, 143, 144 Indian reserve in Alberta Article to be created
Kehewin 123 Indian reserve in Alberta Article to be created
Tsuut'ina 145 Indian reserve in Alberta Article to be created
Enoch AB welcome sign.jpg Enoch Cree Nation 135 Indian reserve in Alberta Article to be created
Chipewyan 201 Indian reserve in Alberta Stub to improve Article to be created
John D'Or Prairie 215 Indian reserve in Alberta Stub to improve Article to be created
Drift Pile River 150 Indian reserve in Alberta Stub to improve Article to be created
Horse Lakes 152B Indian reserve in Alberta Stub to improve Article to be created
Clear Hills 152C Indian reserve in Alberta Stub to improve Article to be created
Louis Bull 138B Indian reserve in Alberta Stub to improve Article to be created
Pigeon Lake 138A Indian reserve in Alberta Stub to improve Article to be created
Montana 139 Indian reserve in Alberta Stub to improve Article to be created
Osnaburgh 63A Indian reserve in Ontario Stub to improve Article to be created
Osnaburgh 63B Indian reserve in Ontario Stub to improve Article to be created
Constance Lake FN.JPG Constance Lake 92 Indian reserve in Ontario Stub to improve Article to be created
English River 66 Indian reserve in Ontario Stub to improve Article to be created
Carrot River 29A Indian reserve in Saskatchewan Stub to improve Article to be created
Red Earth 29 Indian reserve in Saskatchewan Stub to improve Article to be created
Shoal Lake 28A Indian reserve in Saskatchewan Stub to improve Article to be created
Hay River Mission Northwest Territories Canada.jpg Hay River Reserve (or Kʼatlodeeche) Indian reserve in the Northwest Territories Article to be created

Other topics[edit]

Picture Name Description To do on English Wikipedia To do on French Wikipedia References Remarks
Anishinaabe clan system Clan system of the Anishinaabe, Indigenous Peoples in what is now Canada and the United States Add references Article to be created
Canada Day Parade Montreal 2016 - 337a.jpg Minister of Crown–Indigenous Relations Minister of the Canadian cabinet Stub to improve
Sacred Heart Church Edmonton Alberta Canada 05A.jpg Sacred Heart Church of the First Peoples Catholic church in Edmonton, Alberta Article to be created

Resources[edit]

Online resources[edit]

Selected bibliography[edit]

Books available at BAnQ's Grande Bibliothèque[edit]

  • (fr) Auteur inconnu, Inuktitut et langues amérindiennes du Québec, Québec, Presses de l'Université du Québec, 1980, 228 p., Catalogue de BAnQ.
  • (en) Davis, Jeffery Edward, Hand Talk - Sign Language Among Indian Nations, New York, Cambridge University Press, 2010, 244 p., Catalogue de BAnQ.
  • (fr) Déléage, Pierre, La croix et les hiéroglyphes : écritures et objets rituels chez les Amérindiens de Nouvelle-France (XVIIe-XVIIIe siècles), Paris, Éditions Rue d'Ulm, Musée du quai Branly, 2009, 154 p., Catalogue de BAnQ.
  • (fr) Drapeau, Lynn (dir.), Langues autochtones du Québec : un patrimoine en danger, Québec, Presses de l'Université du Québec, 2011, 222 p., Catalogue de BAnQ.
  • (fr) Gervais, Stéphan (éd.), Les autochtones et le Québec : des premiers contacts au Plan Nord, Montréal, Presses de l'Université de Montréal, 2013, 405 p., Catalogue de BAnQ.
  • (fr) Maurais, Jacques (éd.), Les Langues autochtones du Québec, Québec, Publications du Québec, coll. « Dossiers du Conseil de la langue française », 1992, 455 p., Catalogue de BAnQ.
  • (fr) Petit, Jacques-Guy et autres (éd.), Les Inuits et les Cris du Nord du Québec : territoire, gouvernance, société et culture, Rennes / Québec, Presses universitaires de Rennes / Presses de l'Université du Québec, 2011, 431 p., Catalogue de BAnQ.

Other bibliographies[edit]

Links[edit]